Research

Will Hazmat Teams be Affected by EPA ‘Forever Chemical’ Rule Changes?

In late August, the Environmental Protection Agency issued a preliminary document, which indicated the agency wants to classify “forever chemicals” as hazardous substances. These perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) are part of EPA’s overall effort to address per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances — known as PFAS. EPA says PFOAs and PFOSs are two of the …

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The Benefits and Importance of Diversity in the Fire Service

Demographically speaking, our nation’s fire departments are not diverse. Consider the following workforce statistics from 2019 reported by Data USA: 95.8% of firefighters were male. 79.9% of firefighters were white and non-Hispanic. Many communities have started improving their efforts to recruit a more diverse workforce. For these programs to succeed, it’s important to recognize two …

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Worried about retention? Invest in the fire family

If there’s one thing Dr. Rachelle Zemlok wanted fire service leaders to take away from her keynote speech during FRI 2022, it was this: Firefighter mental health and retention starts at home. Dr. Zemlok, a clinical psychologist and director of wellness at Lexipol, works with firefighter spouses to provide mental health support for the issues …

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Firefighters’ Gear May Increase Cancer Risk, New Studies Show

The turnout gear that every firefighter wears to protect themselves while operating at an incident may very well be loaded with carcinogens. Following results from a recent study, the IAFF and Metro Chiefs issued a joint statement this week warning firefighters about the dangers. All three layers of the protective clothing contain Per and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances …

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Podcast: The First Responder Group Doesn’t Just Do Widgets

Paul relives his journey from leading fellow responders as assistant chief of the Seattle Police Department to his arrival at S&T, where he now guides research priorities like pinpointing firefighter location to within one centimeter and helping those battling wildfires breathe easier. In this episode, you’ll hear Paul address some of the current challenges those …

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Getting Better Patient Care Reports With Structured Questions

Mnemonic devices, such as SOAP, CHART, DISPATCH, or CHARTD are commonly used to structure PCRs. Yet, recent research has shown the value of going beyond mnemonics when teaching report writing because mnemonics can oversimplify complex tasks and situations, especially writing. These results suggest a structured, question-based narrative prompt yields longer, richer narratives than narratives written without …

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Report released for the prescribed fire that led to the Hermits Peak Fire

An 80-page report concluded that the management of the prescribed fire that escaped and became the largest wildfire in the recorded history of New Mexico, generally followed the approved prescribed fire plan for most but not all of the parameters. The people on the ground felt they were close to or within the prescription limits but …

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